Biotechnology, biofuels, biocatalysts, fermentation, food microbiology

Elucidating biological phenomena by analyzing nucleic acid and protein sequences from microbes and microbial communities

Roles of microbes in disease, beneficial symbiosis, pathogenesis, parasitology, and immunology

Interactions of microorganisms with the environment, and their roles in natural communities

Diversity of metabolic and energy-generating pathways.

Molecular approaches to studying microbial structures, cell biology, gene regulation, genomic stability, development, etc.